Siberian Husky with a dignified appearance like a wolf and impressive mysterious blue eyes. Not only is it beautiful in appearance, but it also has high athletic ability and friendliness, making it an attractive breed. Introducing the personality and characteristics of such Siberian Husky, necessary care, etc.
History of Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky used to be an excellent working dog, but his excellent temperament remains. What kind of historical background did Siberian Husky live with humans?
Has been active as a hunting dog and sled dog
Siberian Husky is a dog with roots in the Siberian region of Russia, as the breed name indicates. The Chukchi people who lived in northeastern Siberia bred and bred as hunting dogs and dog sledding dogs.
The Siberian Husky, which plays an active role as a means of assisting hunting and carrying luggage, is said to have been an important asset for the Chukchi people. Therefore, to be able to travel long distances even in the harsh environment of the tundra area, it has the power to withstand the cold and pull luggage and walk, and mating is done with an emphasis on being able to act with emphasis on people and dogs. It was broken.
The dog sledding race held in Alaska in 1909 was the catalyst for Siberian Husky’s attention. Siberian Husky’s outstanding abilities have made him known and well-known for his excellent results in this race.
Later, mating was carried out in the United States, and the current appearance was born, and in 1930 it was registered with the American Kennel Club (an organization that designates dog breed standards and registers purebred dogs). Although it has a close relationship with Siberia, the country of origin is said to be the United States.
Siberian Husky weight/physique, hair characteristics
Also, understand the physical characteristics of Siberian Husky.
Body shape, constitution
Siberian Husky is a breed that belongs to large dogs. Males tend to be slightly larger.
・ Male: Height 53-60 cm, weight 20-28 g
・ Female: Height 50-56 cm, weight 15-23 g
With a moderately toned physique, he has only been active as a working dog and has the toughness and excellent athletic ability.
In addition, one of the charms is that it has a dignified face with its pinned triangular standing ears and odd-eyed cats with different colors of blue eyes and left and right eyes.
Siberian husky, who live in cold regions, have less chance of producing melanin pigments due to ultraviolet rays, and because the pigments are originally thin, odd-eyed cats have become the standard for dog breeds. Therefore, it seems that the difference in the color of the left and right eyes of Siberian Husky is not called an odd-eyed cat.
Originally from a frigid region, it is strong against the cold but weak against the heat.
Hair color, coat color, hair loss
It is covered with a short and thick coat. There are many types of coat colors such as black & white, red (reddish-brown) & white, and silver (light gray) & white.
The coat has a two-layer structure consisting of an overcoat that protects the skin from external stimuli and an undercoat that keeps the skin warm and moisturized. Since the body temperature is adjusted by increasing or decreasing the undercoat, a large amount of hair is lost in the spring when the winter hair changes to summer hair and in the autumn when the summer hair changes to winter hair.
Lifespan, an illness that is easy to get
The average lifespan of a Siberian husky is about 12 years, which is a long time considering that the average lifespan of a large dog is about 10 years.
Although the breed is stronger and has fewer hereditary diseases, it is more susceptible to eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma.
Both cataracts and glaucoma are diseases that often develop in old age. Therefore, if you are about 8 years old and have an eye examination at the time of medical examination, it will be easier to detect early.
Siberian Husky personality
Contrary to its cool appearance, Siberian Husky has the following personalities:
Friendly to people and other dogs
Siberian Husky has a curious and friendly personality. You can treat the owner as well as other people and dogs in a friendly manner. Since mating has been carried out with an emphasis on cooperation as a sled dog, it is thought that it has become a highly social dog breed. Because it is bright and optimistic, it is a breed that has enough qualities as a domestic dog.
Responsible, stubborn, and clumsy side
He has a strong sense of responsibility and a positive personality. However, it is also a bit stubborn and clumsy, so you may not follow the instructions when disciplining unless you recognize that the owner is the leader and clarify the master-slave relationship.
How to train Siberian Husky well and the amount of exercise required
Since Siberian Husky was active as a sled dog, he has outstanding stamina and strong power, so he may not be able to take care of him unless he is confident in his physical strength. Make sure you know the appropriate amount of exercise and the points of discipline.
How to discipline well
I have a habit of pulling because I still have the temperament of a sled dog. If the dog pulls the lead while walking, there is a risk of accidental contact with the car, which is dangerous.
When walking, it is basic to walk with a dog next to the owner (basically on the left side of the owner). Therefore, you need to train your weak puppies so that they can walk beside their owners.
The required amount of exercise
The Siberian Husky is one of all breeds that requires a lot of exercises, so you need to take a good walk every day. Take an hour for a walk each morning and evening. In addition, it is better to proactively provide opportunities such as running the dog run to the fullest.
When stress builds up due to lack of exercise, it becomes easy for problem behaviors such as vandalism in the room and unnecessary barking. Make sure you have enough physical strength to satisfy the instinct of Siberian Husky and whether you can secure enough exercise time before you keep it.
A well-maintained and well-equipped environment for Siberian Husky
Siberian husky produced in cold regions has a constitution that is hard to say that it suits the climate of Japan. Therefore, consideration of the indoor environment is indispensable. Also, since I lived in a cold climate, I have a characteristic coat, so I need to be careful about how to care for it.
Environment | Pay particular attention to the temperature
Since it is vulnerable to heat and humidity, it is necessary to control the temperature during high temperatures to create a cool environment.
Generally, it is said that the optimum indoor temperature for dogs in summer is around 25 to 26 degrees Celsius and 50% humidity. However, the temperature at which you feel hot varies depending on the individual, so it is important to adjust the set temperature of the air conditioner according to the state of your dog.
In some cases, air conditioning may be required not only in summer but also in spring and autumn. It’s a sign that you feel hot when you’re taking a rough breath with your tongue out, lying on a cold floor such as flooring, or drinking a lot of water. Let’s keep it cool.
Care | Careful brushing
During the spring and autumn molting seasons when the undercoat grows, brush daily to remove hair loss. Since the coat is thick and densely grown, removing excess hair will improve the breathability of the coat and prevent skin diseases.
Except for the molting period, brushing once or twice a week is fine. In addition to removing and cleaning hair loss, brushing also promotes blood circulation and is a good opportunity to check for abnormalities on the skin. Therefore, please do it regularly throughout the year.
Siberian Husky is a friendly and good life partner
The highly social personality of being able to treat people and other dogs in a friendly manner is a major attraction of Siberian Husky. You can get along well with not only the owner but also small children, so you can have a good time playing with each other.
It’s usually bright and optimistic, but lack of exercise makes it easier to bark. Therefore, carefully consider whether you have enough physical strength and time to meet the amount of exercise required for Siberian Husky, and then consider whether to welcome it as a family.