The Maltese dog, the English name Maltese, is also known as the Maltese dog, or translated as “Mo Angel”. With a height of 20-22 cm and a weight of 2-3 kg, it is the oldest dog breed in Europe. It is native to the island of Malta, a British territory in the Mediterranean, and is named after it.
The Maltese dog has a history of nearly 3,000 years. In ancient times, it was favored by ladies with its dignified and elegant posture. The lifelike artistic images of the Maltese dog can often be seen in the existing handicrafts and works of art on the Mediterranean coast.
Maltese development history
An ancient breed with a history of more than 3000 years on the island of Malta, from the 13th century BC Egyptian tombs, you can find statues similar to this dog. This dog arrived in England with the Roman army in about 55 BC. Before the Middle Ages, it had always been the daily companion of European aristocrats, and its popularity has not diminished since. When Henry VIII of England, the Maltese dog had become popular in England and became the beloved dog of the court lady. In 1877, it was exhibited in the United States for the first time as a Maltese Lion. In 1879, a colored dog was exhibited as a Maltese terrier. In 1888, the American Kennel Club registered the Maltese dog.
Maltese dog morphological characteristics
The head is medium in size, slightly rounded from the top of the head to the head cover. The ear position is low, and there are a lot of long hairs forming the ear fringe, and the hair hangs down to the head. The eyes are quite large, oval in shape and bronze in color, with black rims and large spacing. The nose is black with a wide muzzle. The kiss is moderately long, delicate and gradually shrinking. The teeth are in a clamp bite or a scissors bite. The neck length is moderate, and the chest is quite thick and expanded. The forelegs are straight and the palm joints are strong and not bent. The hind legs are strong, and the knee and hocks are at a moderate angle. The feet are small and round, the toes are black, and the uneven hair on the feet can be trimmed to make them neater. The tail has feather-like feathers and is beautifully located on the back.
How to raise a Maltese dog
In the Maltese dog’s feed, meat is required every day. The smallest one needs about 180 grams, and the larger one needs 200’～250 grams. The meat should be cooked with a small amount of water and then cut into small pieces, then add the same amount of vegetarian dry material or incompatible or less sugary biscuits, mix with water and mix evenly, divide it into two feedings in the morning and evening, and give ~ some fresh drinking water .
When feeding food, it is necessary to control the amount and not to overfeed, otherwise it will cause it to gain weight: otherwise it will be dumb and lose its liveliness and flexibility. In life, you can’t let them develop an arrogant and domineering temper, and you can’t overindulge them, otherwise, they will not listen to the master’s orders.
The Maltese dog is more mobile, so you should let it move in the hospital within a certain period of time every day, or take it to the street or go for a walk in the park, so that it can promote its digestion and absorption ability and maintain a normal appetite.
The Maltese dog is a beautiful dog with a pure white body. To keep its coat white and supple, it must be groomed frequently. Because it is full of long hair, it must be groomed all over.
Coat color characteristics of Maltese dog
Single coat, that is, no fluffy layer. The coat is long, flat and silky, hanging down to the side of the body. Long hair can be tied up with a headdress or allowed to droop.
Maltese dog origin
Maltese is one of the small dog breeds in the Republic of Malta, with bichon frise pedigree. As early as the 4th century BC, Maltese was already a play dog of Roman and Greek noble ladies, and its ancestor may be the earliest play dog in Europe.
The advantages and disadvantages of the Maltese dog
Maltese dogs are gentle little dogs, pets for the whole family. But he has deep feelings for the owner. Very hostile to strangers. It has a cute temperament, sometimes pranks, and is very personal. You can safely let it play with children. Usually in good health and full of vitality until late in life. Although Maltese does not require much space, it requires careful care.
Maltese dog grooming dog hair
The hair should be combed once in the morning and evening for 5 minutes each time.
Pay attention to the sequence of combing: starting from the neck, from front to back, and from top to bottom in sequence, that is, from the neck to the shoulders, then back, chest, waist, abdomen, hindquarters, and then comb the head, and finally It is the limbs and tail. During the combing process, you should comb one side before combing the other side.
Combing method: Combing hair should be combed and pulled quickly in the direction of the hair. When grooming long-haired dogs, many people only comb the long hair on the surface and ignore the fine hair below. The undercoat of a dog is soft and dense. If it is not combed for a long time, it will form tangles and even cause eczema, tinea or other skin diseases. Therefore, when combing a long-haired dog, you should comb layer by layer, turn the long hair up, and then comb its undercoat.
Types of combs: brushes, elastic wire brushes and long and sparse metal combs. The brush can only make the ends of the long hair fluffy, but the fine hair cannot be combed. When grooming long-haired dogs, brushes, elastic wire brushes and long and sparse metal combs should be used together.