About the history, nature and characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier, also known as a moving jewel, is a popular dog breed because of its cuteness and wide cuts, but it has a terrier temperament, which makes it difficult to train just because it is cute. Owners need to be familiar with their breeds to have a fun pet life.

About the history, nature and characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

What kind of dog is the Yorkshire Terrier?

The Yorkshire Terrier is a popular breed of dog as a pet dog, but since it is a terrier breed, it is also a breed with many active and curious children. When breeding a dog, it is necessary to understand the history, nature, characteristics, etc. of the breed and make a firm judgment as to whether it can be bred comfortably and happily. Please prepare.

History of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier was a small dog born in England in the 19th century and was engaged in rat hunting work indoors such as warehouses and factories. At that time, some children weighed more than 5 kg and had different hair qualities. By the time the breed was repeated and stabilized as a breed, it had the current size and hair quality.

Initially, the Yorkshire Terrier was bred by citizens, but due to its small size and beautiful coat, it has come to be bred as a pet dog in the upper class such as aristocrats. Although it was bred in Japan before the war, it became famous as a pet dog during the postwar period of high economic growth and is still in the top 10 breeding dogs.

About the history, nature and characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

Features of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a terrier species, but it has characteristic silky straight hair. Although it has long hair that is so beautiful that it is called a moving jewel, short-cut pet clips are popular in ordinary households because of their ease of care. It is the smallest size among terrier species, but the terrier temperament remains, so care must be taken when disciplining.

Body shape, constitution

The Yorkshire Terrier is 18 to 23 cm tall and weighs less than 3.1 kg. Like the Chihuahua, it has been registered in the Guinness Book as the smallest breed in the world. Larger breeds were also bred for production, so in rare cases, they may grow larger than normal.

Hair color, coat color, hair loss

The color of the Yorkshire terrier is black when it is a puppy, but the color of the tongue increases as it grows up. The black hair changes to gold, silver, etc., and finally, it becomes two colors, dark steel blue, and tongue. The coat is single and there is little hair loss, but because of the silky hair quality, it is easy to get entangled and daily brushing is important.

About the history, nature and characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

Lifespan, illnesses that are easy to get

The average life expectancy of the Yorkshire Terrier is said to be about 15 years old, but many long-lived dogs live up to 18 years old. Diseases that are easily affected include patellar dislocation, tracheal collapse, and portal shunt. Portal vein shunt is a disease in which toxins that were supposed to be carried from the intestinal tract to the liver and detoxified are not carried to the liver by the shunt (extra blood vessels) and accumulate in the body, leading to death in the worst case. Most develop by the age of two.

Yorkshire terrier personality

Yorkshire terriers are sociable and often shy, and she is curious and unyielding. There are large individual differences in personality, but it is possible to judge whether it is suitable for home by knowing the tendency.

Sociable and shy personality

Yorkshire terriers have many sociable children and are said to be shy. She is a friendly and sweet pet dog and is often referred to as a small devil because of her good bargaining. You just want to spoil it, but if you spoil it too much, you will grow up to be a selfish child, so it is important to adjust the amount.

About the history, nature and characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier

One side that is curious and hates to lose

The Yorkshire Terrier is curious and has one side that I hate to lose. Although it is a small dog from the history of hunting, there are many brave and active children, and it is a dog breed with a terrier temperament, good or bad. Taking advantage of his curious and inquisitive personality, he will learn various things efficiently if he trains like a game.

How to grow a Yorkshire terrier

When raising a Yorkshire terrier, you need to pay attention to the environment, amount of exercise, discipline, and care. If you neglect to exercise because it is a small dog, it will cause stress and cause problem behavior, so it is important to keep it in an appropriate breeding method.


The Yorkshire Terrier is a breed of dog that is vulnerable to both heat and cold, so indoor breeding is a matter of course, and it is necessary to carefully control the temperature. Keep the room temperature at 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, and use a cooling sensation sheet in the summer and a pet heater in the winter so that you can live at a comfortable temperature. Since the floor has weak joints, take measures such as laying a carpet to prevent it from slipping.


The Yorkshire terrier does not have a lot of exercises, and it is said that it is best to go out for about 20 minutes to change your mood. Even if it is difficult every day, if you can exercise indoors, you will not run out of exercise. Going out is important as part of your social skills, so take a walk at least two or three times a week.


Yorkshire terriers have a terrier temperament, so you need to be careful when disciplining them. It is important to build a solid master-slave relationship and use eye contact to provide sharp discipline. Since it is a wise dog breed, once you remember it, it will protect you faithfully, so it is important to teach patiently first.

If you spoil it too much, it will cause separation anxiety and you will not be able to answer the phone, so please do not spoil it too much and build an appropriate relationship. Being alert, it is easy to react to chime sounds and vacuum cleaner sounds, and it often barks. If you keep it in an apartment, please familiarize yourself with these sounds.


Daily hair brushing, regular trimming, ear cleaning, and nail clippers are important cares for the Yorkshire Terrier. It is important to get used to all of them since you were a puppy. If you want to cut it short for ease of care, it is also important to adjust your body temperature with clothes.

Happy time with Yorkshire terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a popular breed of a pet dog with a small silky coat, but to have a happy time together, it is essential to prepare an appropriate breeding environment and establish a proper hierarchical relationship. .. If you spoil yourself as much as you want, the owner will become a servant and will be more likely to have problems with other people and dogs. Since it is a smart dog breed, it is easy to train as long as you have an upper limit relationship, and you can go to various places such as dog cafes together.